### Examples of the Use of the Scientific Approach in Mathematics Teaching and Learning to Help Indonesian Students to be Independent Learners

#### Abstract

*Kemdikbud*, 2014). The 2013 Curriculum proposed Scientific Approach to be implemented in Indonesian mathematics classes. Scientific Approach consists of five steps: (1) observing, (2) questioning, (3) collecting data, (4) reasoning, and (5) communicating. This paper discusses how two approaches, namely Scientific Approach and the Japanese Problem-solving Approach (PSA), can help Indonesian students to improve their thinking, creativity, and innovation during mathematics teaching and learning in classroom. The paper will provide some practical examples of problem-solving using these two approaches.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.46517/seamej.v9i1.73

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